10. MV Barzan (195,636 GT)
Barzan is an ultra large container ship and among the largest container ships in the world (as of July 2015). It is the first of a series of six 18,800 TEU container ships built for United Arab Shipping Company (UASC) in South Korea. According to the builder, it has carbon emissions far lower than the Maersk EEE class container ships.
Barzan was built by Hyundai Heavy Industries in Mokpo, South Korea in 2015. She has a deadweight of 199,744 tonnes, and gross tonnage of 195,636. It took the shipyard six months to build her (from steel cutting to launching).
Classed under DNV GL as the first ship ever to have the “Gas Ready” class notation, the Barzan has the lowest per container level of carbon emissions. Her EEDI is almost 50% less than the IMO limit set for 2025.
9. Valemax (200,000 GT)
Valemax ships are a fleet of very large ore carriers (VLOC) owned or chartered by the Brazilian mining company Vale S.A. to carry iron ore from Brazil to European and Asian ports. With a capacity ranging from 380,000 to 400,000 tons deadweight, the vessels meet the Chinamax standard of ship measurements for limits on draft and beam. Valemax ships are the largestbulk carriers ever constructed, when measuring deadweight tonnage or length overall, and are amongst the longest ships of any type currently in service.
The first Valemax vessel, Vale Brasil, was delivered in 2011. Initially, all 35 ships were expected to be in service by 2013, but as of May 2016 one ship is still under construction. Chinese shipping companies ordered ten additional ships in 2015 and 30 more in 2016, with deliveries starting in 2017. This brings the total number of Valemax vessels in service, under construction or ordered to 75.
8. Oasis-class (227,700 GT)
The Oasis class is a class of Royal Caribbean International cruise ships which are the world’s largest passenger ships. The first two ships in the class, Oasis of the Seas and Allure of the Seas, were delivered respectively in 2009 and 2010 by STX Europe Turku Shipyard, Finland. There are a total of 3 Cruise ships in the class.
The Oasis-class ships surpassed the earlier Freedom-class ships as the world’s largest and longest passenger ships. Oasis also is 8.5 metres (28 ft) wider, and with a gross tonnage of 225,282, is almost 45% larger. Oasis-class vessels can carry over 5,400 passengers.
Oasis-class ships feature a split structure, with the 5-deck high “Central Park” and “Boardwalk” outdoor areas running down the middle of the ship. These areas feature lush tropical gardens, upscale restaurants, shops, and a working carousel.
7. TI-class (234,006 GT)
The class comprises the ships TI Africa, TI Asia, TI Europe and TI Oceania, where the “TI” refers to the VLCC Tanker Pool operator Tankers International L.L.C. The class were the first ULCCs (ultra-large crude carriers) to be built in 25 years.
All four oil tankers were constructed for shipping company Hellespont by Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering in Okpo, South Korea in 2002/3. The class was originally namedHellespont Alhambra, Hellespont Fairfax, Hellespont Metropolis and Hellespont Tara. In 2004 the class was jointly purchased.
Euronav NV, a Belgian shipowner, purchased Hellespont Fairfax and Hellespont Tara, renaming them TI Oceania and TI Europe respectively flagged for Belgium. Overseas Shipholding Group (OSG) purchased Hellespont Alhambra and Hellespont Metropolis and renamed them TI Asia and TI Africa respectively flagged Belgium.
6. Esso Atlantic-class (247,161 GT)
The two ships of the Esso Atlantic class, the Esso Atlantic and Esso Pacific, were two of only seven ships to surpass a half million tons deadweight in maritime history.
5. Seawise Giant (260,851 GT)
Seawise Giant, later Happy Giant, Jahre Viking, Knock Nevis, Oppama, and finally Mont, was a ULCC supertanker and the longest ship ever built. She possessed the greatestdeadweight tonnage ever recorded. Fully laden, her displacement was 657,019 tonnes (646,642 long tons; 724,239 short tons), the heaviest ship of any kind, and with a laden draft of 24.6 m (81 ft), she was incapable of navigating the English Channel, the Suez Canal or the Panama Canal. Overall, she was generally considered the largest ship ever built. She was sunk during the Iran–Iraq War, but was later salvaged and restored to service. She was last used as a floating storage and offloading unit (FSO) moored off the coast of Qatar in thePersian Gulf at the Al Shaheen Oil Field.
The vessel was sold to Indian ship breakers, and renamed Mont for her final journey in December 2009. After clearing Indian customs, she was sailed to, and intentionally beached at,Alang, Gujarat, India, to be broken up for scrap.
4. Pierre Guillaumat (274,838 GT)
Pierre Guillaumat was a supertanker, built in 1977 by Chantiers de l’Atlantique at Saint-Nazaire for Compagnie Nationale de Navigation. Pierre Guillaumat, which was the third vessel ofBatillus class supertankers (the other three, slightly smaller, were Batillus, Bellamya and Prairial), is distinguished as the biggest ship ever constructed (by gross tonnage, a value based roughly on internal volume, not mass). It was surpassed in length, deadweight tonnage(≈cargo mass), and displacement, only by Seawise Giant (later Jahre Viking, Happy Giant andKnock Nevis), which, though it was originally smaller when it was built in 1976, was subsequently lengthened and enlarged.
Named after the French politician and founder of Elf Aquitaine oil industry, Pierre Guillaumat, the vessel was completed and put in service in 1977. Due to unprofitability, accentuated by huge dimensions of the ship, which placed restrictions on where she could be employed, the Pierre Guillaumat was put on hold at Fujairah anchorage since February 2, 1983, and later that year, bought by the Hyundai Corporation, and renamed Ulsan Master, she arrived at Ulsan, South Korea for demolition on October 19, 1983.
Because of her gigantic proportions the usability of the Pierre Guillaumat was very limited. She couldn’t pass through either the Panama or Suez canals. Because of her draft, she could enter a minimal number of ports in the world, and was therefore moored on offshore rigs, and oil terminals like Antifer and after off-loading to reduce her draft, at Europoort.
3. Batillus-class (275,276 GT)
The Batillus-class supertanker was a class of tanker ships built in France at the end of the 1970s. Four such ships were built between 1976 and 1979—serving until the final one wasscrapped in 2003. They were built in the Bassin C dock of the Chantiers de l’Atlantique shipyards at Saint Nazaire, France.
While there were minor differences between the four Batillus class ships, they all approached 275,000 tonnes gross (GT) tonnage, 555,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT) tonnage, and had a length overall of just over 414 metres (longer than all but a few of the tallest skyscrapers in the world).
2. Prelude FLNG (300,000 GT)
Prelude FLNG is the world’s first floating liquefied natural gas platform as well as the largest offshore facility ever constructed. The Prelude is being built by the Technip / SamsungConsortium (TSC) in South Korea for a joint venture between Royal Dutch Shell, KOGAS, and Inpex. It is 488 metres (1,601 ft) long, 74 metres (243 ft) wide, and made with more than 260,000 tonnes of steel. At full load, it will displace more than 600,000 tonnes, more than five times the displacement of a Nimitz-class aircraft carrier.
The hull was launched in December 2013.
1. Pioneering Spirit (403,342 GT)
Pioneering Spirit is the world’s largest platform installation/decommissioning and pipelay vessel built for the Allseas company. The ship is also by far the world’s largest vessel overall ever constructed in terms of its gross tonnage of 403,342 gt, as well as its breadth (123.75 m/406 ft) and displacement (900,000 metric tons). The main construction was done at Daewoo shipyard, Korea and final completion will be in the Netherlands. Main diesel power comprises eight 20-cylinder (20V32/44CR) MAN 11,200 kW (each) engines and one 9-cylinder (9L32/44CR) 5,040 kW harbour engine with two engines each in four separate engine rooms (the engines with a total of 169 cylinders generate a total output of 94.6 MW) with 12 Rolls-Royce, type UUC 455, thrusters, each 5.5 MW. The vessel was designed by a Finnish engineering company Deltamarin. Allseas¹ has committed to build Pioneering Spirit at a cost of US$1.7 billion. In an interview with De Telegraaf“ chairman Heerema named a price of €2.4 billion for the 382 metres (1,253 ft) long vessel. AllSeas has committed to building an even larger version of the same design, which will be operational in 2020.